Download e-book for iPad: Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in by N. Papayanis

By N. Papayanis

this is often apoliticalbiography ofAlphonseMerrheim, asignificant chief of the Conf6d6ration G6n6raledu Travail(CGT)intheyears among 1904 and 1923 and crucial member of the Federation of Metalworkers through the sameperiod. Hewas born inthe Nord in 1871 and becameaworkeratanearlyage, firstinmetallurgythanintextiles and at last once again in metalworking. In his ideologicalevolution hepassed via asocialistpoliticalpartyandthenconvertedtorevolutionarys- dicalism. In his bizarre fusion of concept and perform, Merrheim represented a sort of innovative syndicalism that is helping outline the features of that circulation. He believed, alongwithother revo- tionary syndicalists, that at some point a staff' basic strike might ov- throw capitalism. however the syndicalist circulate wouldpreparethat ev- tualitybystrengtheningtheworkersthrough socialreformsandbycreating their category recognition via schooling. Merrheim, even though, p- ticipatedsothoroughly intradeunionactivityandstudiedtheorganization of capitalistindustry so carefullythat he cametoemphasizetheprepa- tions for this sort of generalstrike even more than thestrikeitself. The try of his angle cameon theeve of, in the course of, and instantly afterWorld struggle I; for opposite tothe calls for of convinced militant and innovative workerswhobelievedthatthethreatofwar andthenthedislocationcaused by way of the struggle demanded a innovative reaction, Merrheim many times stressedthe risks ofsuch anaction ahead of the adequatepreparation of the employees. Hissteadfast refusaleventorespondtothestrikeactions of a few ofhisown metalworkers in 1919 shows the significant contradiction among hisrevolutionary thought and reformistpractice. This publication examinesindetailMerrheim'sevolution fromarevolutionary to areformer. Insodoingit alsoshedslightonanequallysubstantialtopic, specifically, howacertaintypeofworkerrespondedtoindustrializationinthe past due 19th and earlytwentiethcenturies. Merrheim is a fascinating determine, too, becauseofhispositioninthelabormovement, foritrepresents a distinct focalpoint forthestudy oflaborhistory. Merrheim enteredthe Frenchlabormovement within the Nineties and remainedactiveinituntil 1923. in the course of that periodhewas, successively, alocalunion chief, co-secretary xii of a nationallaborfederation, and animportant figurewithinthe CGT. by no means thesecretary-generaloftheCGT, hewasneverthelesstheconfident of thesecretary-generalfrom 1909, L6on Jouhaux.

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Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in Revolutionary Syndicalism, 1871 – 1925 (Studies in Social History) by N. Papayanis


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