By Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, John Ruscio, Barry L. Beyerstein
50 nice Myths of renowned Psychology makes use of well known myths as a car for assisting scholars and laypersons to differentiate technology from pseudoscience.
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Additional resources for 50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology: Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior
It is no wonder, then, that the scene of Oedipus before the Sphinx has given scholars so many riddles to ponder and, from antiquity up through the centuries, has been taken up and interpreted in the most varied ways possible by artists, poets, and thinkers. The constellation of these two ﬁgures is a ﬁguration of unparalleled indeterminacy and ambiguity. In light of the great number of depictions in vase painting in the ﬁfth century BCE, it is conceivable that artists at that time had already moved beyond a consistently and purely positive conception of Oedipus as a representative of autonomous intelligence and cultural progress, toward redeﬁning his story as a cautionary tale of human hubris.
Infantile and Juvenile Wish Fulﬁllment: Freud as κράτιστος ἀνήρ Freud introduced the concept of the Oedipus complex in 1900 in his Traumdeutung (Interpretation of Dreams), a work in which—and this too is of interest in relation to Cocteau—he sought to overcome the opposition of dream and reality. 11 In the spirit of this “sense,” the ancient myth is interpreted as the fulﬁllment of a “primitive wish of our childhood,” so that the Oedipus ﬁgure is reduced to parricidal and incestuous urges respectively directed at the father and focused on the mother—urges that Freud argues to be deeply rooted in the human soul: His [sc.
Up to this day, no one knows for certain what the hybrid’s function there was. New suppositions continue to appear. Perhaps it was meant to guard the plateau of Giza. 25 The changes that the Sphinx underwent during this decontextualizing shift to Greece were numerous. 26 Another related development was a shift in gender: whereas the Egyptian Sphinx had been primarily male, the ﬁgure was increasingly represented as female. Later, in Greek mythology, the Sphinx assumed a decisively feminine character.