By Dennis Patrick Leyden
This ebook is set public schooling reform and the way forward for pubHc schooling investment. Given the various articles, books, and meetings that experience taken with the difficulty of public schooling reform, it's average to invite no matter if the realm wishes nonetheless one other quantity in this topic. In my protection, i might argue that, even if there's a huge literature on public schooling reform, there's useful little that attempts to comic strip the large photo. Too frequently, either in learn and in perform, you possibly can lose sight of the wooded area, for all of the specialize in the person bushes. whereas such certain research is of serious worth, that worth derives either from its specificity and from its skill to slot right into a higher, coherent complete. regrettably, our figuring out of the general public schooling method remains to be incomplete and disconnected, rather in regards to the connections among examine, coverage, and perform. This e-book is an try and step again for a second to get one's bearings sooner than leaping headlong again into the woodland. it's my wish that this booklet might be of worth to a wide selection of reader- researchers in departments of economics and faculties of schooling, coverage makers in any respect degrees, and, after all, the practitioners slugging away within the trenches.
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Extra resources for Adequacy, Accountability, and the Future of Public Education Funding
The latter group will not be satisfied with the decisions of their lower-level recipient government and will therefore provide political support for their representative in the higher-level donor government to create an intergovernmental grants structure that changes the mix of recipientgovernment activities to something more to their liking. But such differential manipulation requires the use of categorical grants so that the lower-level, recipient governments have less discretion. ^^ 3. CONCLUSIONS This chapter has provided a conceptual framework for understanding what motivates higher-level, donor governments to provide intergovernmental grants and why intergovernmental grants systems take the forms that they do.
Optimal number of bases d^ a^^ dA dKj dT dKj (2-16) that is, the optimal number of grant bases Kj for any individual grant program is one in which the marginal political benefit that the dominant political coalition gets from increasing the number of grant bases for any individual grant program is equal to the marginal political cost of raising taxes sufficiently to fund the additional administrative costs that result from the increased number of grant bases. Figure 2-7 provides a visual representation of these conditions.
Given a fixed number J of intergovernmental grant programs and a fixed number K of grant bases, the marginal political benefit to the dominant political coalition 34 Adequacy, Accountability, and the Future of Public Education Funding of increasing grant spending by one dollar through an increase in the rate Vjk should be equated across all bases and all programs. 5rr n i^/i im_ for all I, J J,m. (2-17) Moreover, such marginal benefits should also be equated to the marginal political cost of raising a dollar through taxes.